Stats without Tears
Updated 19 Apr 2015
Copyright © 2001–2015 by Stan Brown, Oak Road Systems
These pages change
automatically for your screen or printer.
Underlined text, printed
URLs, and the table of contents become live links on screen;
and you can use your browser’s commands to change the size of
the text or search for key words.
If you print, I suggest black-and-white,
The whole text in one file, all 164,000 words,
convenient for printing. (The printed length will vary, depending to
your browser settings. For me it’s 401 pages.)
This page is used in instruction at
Tompkins Cortland Community College in Dryden, New
York; it’s not an official statement of the College. Please visit
to report errors or ask to copy it.
For updates and new info, go to