Stats without Tears
Updated 17 Oct 2014
Copyright © 2001–2014 by Stan Brown, Oak Road Systems
These pages change
automatically for your screen or printer.
Underlined text, printed
URLs, and the table of contents become live links on screen;
and you can use your browser’s commands to change the size of
the text or search for key words.
If you print, I suggest black-and-white,
The whole text in one file, all 159,000 words,
convenient for printing. (The printed length will vary, depending to
your browser settings. For me it’s 381 pages.)
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This page is used in instruction at
Tompkins Cortland Community College in Dryden, New
York; it’s not an official statement of the College. Please visit
to report errors or ask to copy it.
For updates and new info, go to